The shooting star candlestick pattern serves as a solitary candle formation employed by cryptocurrency traders for detecting bearish reversals. Those engaged in long positions in the crypto market utilize the shooting star pattern as a cue for their exit strategies. On the other hand, some cryptocurrency traders leverage this pattern to pinpoint opportunities for short entries into the market.
Crypto enthusiasts hold a fondness for this pattern due to its simplicity in identification and the clarity of its trading signals. When combined with supplementary tools like Fibonacci retracements or trend line resistance levels, the shooting star pattern can yield potent and robust signals.
Understanding the Shooting Star Candlestick Pattern
A shooting star candlestick pattern materializes when a previously ascending asset suddenly takes a sharp downturn, leaving behind a lengthy upward wick. It serves as a notable bearish reversal candlestick pattern, often manifesting at the pinnacle of uptrends.
The psychology underpinning this pattern can be somewhat intricate. Initially, traders observe an uptrend characterized by the ongoing strengthening of prices. Fears of missing out (FOMO) grip apprehensive onlookers, prompting them to jump into the market, further propelling prices upward. This influx of bullish traders sets the stage for an impending reversal.
As the market surges higher, the candle begins on a bullish and expansive note, but it conceals a snare. The market swiftly retraces, mirroring the rapid ascent earlier that day, culminating in the candlestick's closure relatively proximate to its opening.
Shooting star candlestick patterns are prevalent across various markets, with a notable presence in the cryptocurrency sphere. Given the pronounced price volatility that characterizes crypto markets, the shooting star candlestick pattern signifies a particularly volatile bearish reversal following an extended uptrend. A confirmed bearish shooting star emerges when the candlestick's low aligns with its closing price.
Anatomy of a Shooting Star Pattern
The perfect shooting star pattern comprises four distinct elements, visually depicted in the image below.
- Initiation of Uptrend (Point 1): The shooting star candlestick pattern commences with a substantial upswing in the asset's price. This upward surge lays the groundwork to ensnare bullish traders, who may succumb to the fear of missing out on the prevailing trend.
- Bullish Illusion (Point 2): The subsequent candle in the trend marks the point at which traders find themselves entrapped. Initially, fueled by the momentum of the uptrend, an influx of traders enters the market, initiating what appears to be the inception of a sizable bullish candle (Point 2).
- Abrupt Reversal (Point 3): However, the uptrend undergoes an abrupt about-face, initiating a retracement that undoes a significant portion of the recent price upsurge (Point 3).
- Confirmation (Point 4): The shooting star pattern receives confirmation when it concludes near its opening price, resulting in the formation of a small body (Point 4). Notably, the color of the candle body, whether red, green, black, or white, does not impact the pattern's significance.
In the realm of technical analysis, the pivotal aspects of the candle pattern encompass an extraordinarily lengthy upper shadow, a minimal or virtually non-existent lower shadow, and a relatively diminutive real body positioned near the day's low. Of utmost importance, the upper shadow should be exceptionally elongated, typically spanning approximately two to three times the length of the pattern's body.
Shooting Star vs. Inverted Hammer
At first glance, the shooting star candlestick pattern bears a striking resemblance to the inverted hammer pattern. In isolation, these two patterns are essentially identical. However, their most significant disparities lie in where they manifest and what outcomes to anticipate.
The shooting star pattern emerges subsequent to an extended uptrend. Once the shooting star takes shape, prices typically undergo a downward correction, heralding the onset of a fresh downtrend.
Conversely, the inverted hammer materializes at the conclusion of a downtrend. As the downtrend loses steam, buyers endeavor to push the market upward but fail in their efforts, resulting in a retreat in prices and the formation of a pronounced upper wick along with a petite candle body.
Upon the completion of the single candle inverted hammer pattern, the market typically experiences a rally, ushering in a new uptrend. This effectively confirms a reversal pattern.
In essence, these two solitary candlestick patterns may share identical visual characteristics, but their positioning relative to the preceding trend sets the shooting star apart from the inverted hammer.
Shooting Star vs. Hammer Pattern
The shooting star and the hammer pattern serve as valuable technical indicators that convey opposing signals. The primary contrast between these two patterns lies in the appearance of their candlesticks.
The shooting star candlestick pattern exhibits an elongated upper shadow (wick) extending upward from a petite lower body. This pattern materializes at the culmination of an uptrend, signaling an imminent correction lower.
Conversely, the hammer candlestick pattern is characterized by a lengthy lower shadow emanating from a diminutive upper body. The hammer pattern emerges at the conclusion of a downtrend, suggesting that the market is poised to embark on an upward trajectory within an existing uptrend.
Identifying a Shooting Star Pattern
The essence of the shooting star pattern lies in the creation of a bullish trap, enticing long traders into a bullish trend with the anticipation of further highs, only to witness an abrupt and sharp reversal in the market's direction. This pattern gains added potency when it materializes in proximity to significant resistance levels.
Its appearance near these resistance levels amplifies the pattern's strength. Long breakout traders, driven by FOMO (Fear of Missing Out), eagerly await the breakthrough and subsequently push prices higher. Nonetheless, if the breakout fails to continue its upward trajectory, sellers promptly intervene, compelling the market to shift downward. As prices descend, stop-loss orders placed by the breakout traders are triggered, triggering additional selling pressure.
This sequence results in a deceptive breakout to the upside, leaving an extended wick in its wake.
Consequently, when identifying the shooting star candlestick pattern, be sure to look for the following key elements:
- Uptrend: A consistent upward price trend.
- Long Wick: A swift and pronounced bearish reversal that produces an extended upper wick, typically measuring 2–3 times the length of the candle's body.
- Small Body: The candlestick pattern features a compact body, which may be of any color.
Shooting Star Patterns in Bullish Trends
The shooting star pattern, as discussed, is a solitary candlestick pattern serving as a potential indicator of an impending market correction. Its significance is most pronounced when the pattern emerges after an uptrend, signaling the likelihood of a forthcoming downtrend.
When this pattern manifests itself in the midst of an ongoing trend or following a downtrend, it technically does not qualify as a shooting star pattern. In such instances, the pattern's outcome may not necessarily entail a continuation of the preceding downtrend. Consequently, shooting stars that materialize within an ongoing trend or after a downtrend should be disregarded.
Signal Confirmation Indicators
While a shooting star formation can be identified independently, employing additional indicators can reinforce and validate the signal it conveys. Two commonly utilized indicators are Fibonacci retracement levels and various forms of resistance lines, such as horizontal and trend line resistance.
Fibonacci retracement levels serve as concealed support and resistance levels that may not be readily evident to novice or intermediate crypto traders. By applying the Fibonacci retracement tool to a price chart, traders can discern potential reversal levels in the market.
When a shooting star pattern emerges in proximity to a significant Fibonacci retracement level, it bolsters the credibility of the shooting star signal.
In March 2021, Ethereum experienced a substantial 25% rally, reaching the 50% Fibonacci retracement level. Ethereum then attempted to surpass this level but encountered resistance, leading to a rejection and subsequent downward movement. This price action left behind an extensive upper wick, measuring more than three times the length of the candle body, thereby confirming the shooting star pattern. This formation indicated the potential for an impending correction.
As anticipated, Ethereum's price declined by approximately 13% over the subsequent days. When a shooting star pattern materializes post-uptrend in proximity to a common Fibonacci retracement level, it provides confirmation of the pattern.
Fibonacci retracement levels essentially constitute concealed support and resistance levels. Consequently, other types of resistance that are more conspicuous to traders can also augment the strength of shooting star signals.
Horizontal resistance is delineated by projecting a previous swing high horizontally to the right on the price chart. In the example above, Bitcoin achieved a high point in late May 2021, establishing a horizontal resistance level. Subsequently, in June 2021, Bitcoin rallied toward this horizontal resistance, coinciding with the emergence of a shooting star candlestick pattern.
This pattern likely arose as a consequence of bullish traders getting ensnared in the pursuit of recent new highs. Bitcoin briefly ascended beyond the resistance level, only to witness a resurgence of bearish momentum, driving prices lower.
This juxtaposition of factors constitutes a bearish confluence, suggesting the onset of a downtrend. Once this pattern materializes in proximity to resistance, Bitcoin's prices underwent an approximate 30% decline over the ensuing week, ultimately reaching a new nadir just below the $29K mark.
How to Utilize the Shooting Star Candlestick Pattern for Bearish Reversals
Trading the shooting star candlestick pattern to spot a bearish reversal offers two distinct strategies, catering to both conservative and aggressive traders.
For those already in long positions when a shooting star pattern emerges, it serves as a potential signal to exit the trade or tighten stop-loss levels. This candlestick formation hints at an impending shift in the trend, prompting long traders to consider securing profits before a potential market correction.
Alternatively, more aggressive traders might opt for a short position at the initial sign of a potential downturn. Following the pattern's formation, these traders would enter a short position as the next candle opens.
The stop-loss order would be strategically placed just above the high of the candlestick's wick. Traders adopting this approach typically aim for a profit level that is at least double the risk taken.
While this aggressive trading style can yield benefits, it comes with increased risks, notably a higher likelihood of being stopped out due to market reversals. The market may reverse against your position and surge higher, triggering your stop-loss and resulting in a losing trade.
One advantage of the aggressive style lies in its entry price. By entering the position early, traders secure a more favorable (higher) entry point, facilitating the attainment of a more favorable risk-to-reward ratio.
For those seeking a more conservative approach to trading the shooting star candlestick, consider employing a support trendline as a trigger.
Once the shooting star pattern materializes, draw an upward-sloping support trendline. As the price crosses below this trendline, enter a short position. Place the stop-loss order just above the wick's high and aim for a target that is at least twice the distance from the stop-loss level to the entry price, ensuring a positive risk-to-reward ratio.
The conservative approach minimizes the risk of false signals, yet it necessitates wider stop-loss settings compared to the aggressive approach. Consequently, the market must travel a greater distance for a positive risk-to-reward ratio to be maintained.
Limitations of the Shooting Star Candlestick Pattern
While the shooting star candlestick pattern serves as an effective tool for identifying potential bearish reversals in the market, it should not serve as the sole basis for trade signals due to its inherent limitations.
First and foremost, the pattern can be applied to various chart timeframes, but it proves most effective on daily and weekly charts. On minute charts, the likelihood of encountering false signals increases as each candle incorporates less trading data.
Secondly, the shooting star is a single candlestick pattern, demanding fewer data points for its formation compared to other multi-candlestick patterns. For instance, patterns like the bearish engulfing pattern consist of two candlesticks, while the evening star pattern comprises three. These multi-candlestick patterns require a greater number of candles and, consequently, a more extensive dataset for their emergence.
Lastly, smaller cryptocurrencies typically experience lower trading volumes. Therefore, if the shooting star pattern appears on charts of smaller-sized cryptocurrencies, there is an elevated risk of it generating a false signal. While the shooting star can be applied to any cryptocurrency, its optimal use lies in identifying bearish turning points among larger cryptocurrencies, particularly on hourly, daily, or weekly timeframes.
The shooting star pattern, a single-candle pattern, proves valuable in pinpointing market tops among major cryptocurrencies. Traders favor this pattern for its ease of identification and applicability across various chart timeframes. However, to enhance the pattern's reliability, it is advisable to complement it with additional tools like Fibonacci retracement analysis or the consideration of horizontal and trend line resistance levels. Nevertheless, traders should remain mindful of the shooting star pattern's limitations, with a focus on larger cryptocurrencies when employing it on hourly, daily, or weekly charts.